Each vertebra of the spine is cushioned by spongy intervertebral discs. A healthy disc acts as the shock absorber for the spine. If the disc is injured, it may bulge outwards or rupture. This is known as having a herniated disc.
Herniations within the discs may be caused by:
Injury to the spine can cause tears within the outer layers of the discs. Once the outer layers tear, the inner gelatinous core begins to press outwards and forms a bulge or herniation.
Normal wear and tear over the years can also cause herniations. This is in large part due to a gradual decrease in fluid within the discs as we age. They begin to lose their cushion and flexibility.
After the disc herniates, it then can begin pressing on the spinal nerves or nerve roots. This can cause pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness along the path of the affected nerve. A lower back disc herniation can radiate symptoms down one or both legs depending on the nerves that are being affected. The sciatic nerve is the most common nerve involved with a lumbar herniation. The term sciatica is used to describe the distribution of pain down the legs along the sciatic nerve.
Images above provided from http://www.webmd.com
With improvements in technology we can now focus treatment on disc herniations and nerve impingement problems. Spinal Decompression works by creating traction on the spinal segments to reduce protrusions of the vertebral disc material. This may also help to stretch tight or spasmed muscles and mobilize joints that may be restricted. These benefits may provide patients with pain relief and improved function in their daily lives.
Many people suffer from disc problems and want treatment other than spinal surgery. Spinal decompression allows us the opportunity to treat people with disc herniations in a much more conservative and non-invasive manner. The techniques we use with spinal decompression focus on improving overall function while providing pain relief.
Lumbar Decompression Cervical Decompression
Conditions Treated with Spinal Decompression: